In Nigeria as in all countries in which we operate, we consider that Health, Safety, Respect for the Environment and Safeguarding of Assets are essential to the efficient operation of our activities, and to our employees, contractors and other stakeholders. We are committed to having an HSE management system in force, in recognition of the fact that safe operations depend not only on technically good plants and equipment but also on competent personnel and an active HSE culture.
Keeping the environment healthy and safe wherever we work is a core value of the Total group worldwide. Since the beginning of our operations in Nigeria over 40 years ago, Total Upstream has kept to this ideal through sound Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) practices and a strict adherence to national and local regulations. In all our locations and sites, HSE staff work along side other personnel to ensure that safety rules are observed. Regular drills, awareness programmes, performance indicators and anomaly reporting exercises are also carried out to increase safety consciousness with the aim of reducing accidents to the barest minimum. In cases of occasional spills (by accident or sabotage) a well trained team, equipped with state-of-the art tools, is maintained to contain and clean-up, preventing its spread to the neighbouring communities.The HSE division has developed an award programme to reward good safety performance and is also developing a safety suggestion programme.
The Total Upstream HSE Policy in Nigeria consists of twelve fundamental rules, which reinforce and adapt the corporate HSE to local exigencies, in addition to specific policies on Environment and Security management.
AKOGEP: the showcase of Total's HSE know-how and commitment
Safety and environmental protection are strategic priorities for Total, and the Group wanted the AKOGEP project to be a showcase for its achievements here. As a pioneer in environmental matters, Total has anticipated by some five years Nigeria's decision that all gas flaring end by 2008. Therefore, The Amenam-Kpono project is right in line with Nigeria's strategy of valorising its gas resources, as well as its decision to eliminate all gas flaring by 2008.
AKOGEP has brought a vital increase in Nigeria's gas production, and it has made a significant contribution to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG); the valorisation of the gas from Amenam-Kpono prevents emission into the atmosphere of some 15 Mt/y of CO2 equivalent.
Health and Safety
Total, in close cooperation with project contractors and suppliers, has made "zero accidents" a top priority at all stages of the Amenam-Kpono, Akpo, Usan and other projects. Right from the start of the engineering phase, the safety of all personnel working on the offshore site was a fundamental factor in designing the facilities. Examples here are separation of the living quarters and production facilities, and easy access for maintenance staff, etc. Safety concerns were also a factor in the integration of the facilities required for Phase 2, such as the gas compression modules and the onshore interfaces between the gas pipeline and the Bonny LNG plant. And the safety measures taken on this project have borne fruit, with less than 1 lost-time-accident per 1 million man-hours of work.
Strengthening environmental protection
AKOGEP is also an exemplary project as regards environmental protection, combining optimum valorisation of hydrocarbon resources with total control of GHG emissions. But environmental protection goes further than just GHG emissions. Throughout the Amenam-Kpono project, Total has implemented a multitude of environmental measures, both preventive and curative. Before actual work began, a number of different environmental impact studies were carried out both offshore and along the coastline to assess the risks and determine the measures necessary to prevent any damage. With a view to ensuring sustainable development, these studies also evaluated the potential impact of the AKOGEP project on the local onshore environment, including at socio-economic level. In determining environmental protection measures, Total has set itself standards that are even stricter than current regulations, demonstrating the company's commitment to being a responsible operator in Nigeria's upstream segment:
- Treatment of production water using hydro-cyclones, thus guaranteeing a hydrocarbon content lower than the regulatory limit of 40 ppm;
- Optimised system of waste management on the living quarters platform, involving selective sorting, compacting and recycling;
- Use of water- or synthetic oil-based drilling mud, all recycled, together with treatment of drill cuttings;
- Pipeline to the Bonny LNG plant: route chosen so as to preserve the site of the planned nature park, to reduce impact and to limit disruption caused by construction work;
- Restoration of all damage to coastal areas;
- Burial of onshore pipeline;
- Preservation of natural water drainage;
- Replanting after construction;
- Use of solar- and wind-power technologies to provide power for the AMD3 platform;
- Decommissioning plan for dismantling and removal of facilities on cessation of production.
Towards a cleaner environment
In the aim to eliminate all flares onshore, our Obite Gas Project (OGP) is currently using associated gas produced in the Obagi (OML 58) operations as feed stock for the NLNG plant at Bonny Island. Since they have been installed on the Obagi field, our technical facilities have prevented the flaring of about one million cubic metres of gas per day.
Similarly, recent efforts in the NYPA Palm project in Rivers State and the mangrove re-vegetation programme in Delta State are other positive commitments to the protection and preservation of the area's rich ecology.
In addition to its own policy, Total Upstream actively participates in private sector initiatives such as the Clean Nigeria Associates (CNA), the Nigeria Environmental Society (NES), the Abuja Clean and Green Cities Initiative, and the Nigeria Environmental Conservation Foundation, for a safe and cleaner environment.